How To Manage The Effect Of Stress On Fertility

Effect of stress on fertility> Living with fertility struggles can be an emotionally challenging journey, often accompanied by feelings of heartache and despair. Many women and couples struggling with fertility issues tend to experience a significant amount of stress and depression. The link between stress and fertility is complex and multifaceted. While fertility struggles bring a world of pressure that can lead to stress, stress can influence the state of your reproductive health. Research has shown that stress can adversely affect fertility in both men and women, making it crucial to understand how to manage stress effectively during these difficult moments (Rooney & Domar, 2018).

High stress levels can disrupt the delicate balance of hormones in the body, which are essential for reproductive functions. Chronic stress can lead to increased levels of cortisol, a stress hormone, which can interfere with the normal functioning of the reproductive system, dampening your chance of having a healthy, full-term pregnancy and baby. In women, high cortisol levels can disrupt the menstrual cycle, interfere with ovulation, and even affect the implantation of a fertilized egg, making natural conception difficult.

In men, stress can decrease sperm quality, motility, and count, lowering sperm’s ability to fulfill its purpose (Ilacqua et al., 2018). You and your partner or donor need to find healthy and effective ways to manage and reduce your stress levels to help your bodies move to a state where they can start prioritizing reproductive function.

I wrote this post to help you do precisely that – to help you find actionable ways to reduce stress so your body can focus the energy it needs to start fostering the best environment for your little one. As the leading fertility specialist, fertility pioneer, and mainly as a Mama, I care deeply for your complete health, your reproductive well-being, and your baby’s long-term health.

My team and I are here to help facilitate your healthiest fertility, pregnancy, postpartum, baby, and future. One of the most crucial ways we help you prime your body is by focusing on your psychological well-being. In this post, I’ll unpack how stress influences both male and female reproductive function, and I’ll also share some actionable tips you can start implementing today to start managing stress. Let’s get started, Mama.

The Impact of Stress on Fertility / Effect of stress on fertility

Prolonged stress can affect fertility in various ways, both physically and emotionally. When experiencing high stress levels, the body’s natural response prioritizes survival over reproduction, putting your mind and body in a state of “fight or flight.” This can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, anovulation (lack of ovulation), and even a complete cessation of menstruation. In men, it can cause erectile dysfunction, decreased libido, and decreased sperm quality.

Stress also takes a heavy toll on mental health in men and women alike, exacerbating feelings of anxiety and depression. Many women and couples dealing with infertility often experience fluctuating emotions, from sadness and grief to frustration and anger. The constant pressure to conceive (especially as we get older) can intensify these emotions, creating a vicious cycle that further affects fertility. Let’s look closer at the impact of stress on both female and male fertility.

If you’ve been worried and asking yourself if stress can cause infertility, the short answer would be: it depends. However, the extended version of this is what I want to explain to help you understand the significance of the link between your mental health and your reproductive system. This will empower you with the knowledge you need to take the proper steps.

Before we dive all the way in, I’d like to take a quick moment to tell you how you can take the guesswork out of your fertility and pregnancy experience while holistically supporting your reproductive health and your baby’s development. Our Superbaby Nutraceuticals Complete Mama & Dada Bundle ensures this for you and your partner.

It does so much more to benefit your health, your future baby’s health, and your family’s longevity, Mama. When we’re under high stress, we often neglect to nourish our bodies correctly, leading to nutrient deficiencies, which can cause stress, perpetuating the cycle. The Superbaby Nutraceuticals Complete Mama & Dada Bundle has been shown to support stress management adequately while helping you keep a well-balanced nutrient status.

Explore the benefits of the Superbaby Nutraceuticals Complete Mama & Dada Bundle.

Stress And Infertility In Women

Irregular Menstrual Cycles: When you’re stressed, your body may go into overdrive, releasing hormones that can disrupt your menstrual cycle. This can lead to unpredictable ovulation patterns or even the absence of ovulation altogether.

Anovulation: If you’re experiencing chronic stress, it’s possible that your ovaries may stop releasing eggs altogether. This is called anovulation, and it significantly reduces your chances of getting pregnant (Vigil et al., 2022).

Amenorrhea: In some cases, stress can be so severe that it can cause your period to stop altogether. This is called amenorrhea, and it can make it even more difficult to conceive (Nakamura et al., 2008).

Implantation Difficulties: Stress can also affect the uterine environment, making it less conducive for the successful implantation of a fertilized egg, which is vital for treatments like IVF (Zhou et al., 2019). This means that even if you do ovulate and conceive, the stress hormones in your body may make it harder for the embryo to implant in the lining of your uterus.

Stress And Male Fertility

Erectile Dysfunction: Stress has been found to contribute to erectile dysfunction, making it challenging for men to achieve or maintain an erection, thus impacting male sexual function. It triggers hormone release (adrenaline and cortisol), constricting blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the male reproductive organ, and making achieving an erection more challenging (Lenzi et al., 2003).

Reduced Libido: High-stress levels can lower libido, diminishing sexual desire and affecting the frequency of sexual activity. High-stress levels contribute to elevated cortisol levels. These disrupt and reduce testosterone, the essential male reproductive hormone driving sexual activity, which results in a lower sexual desire and frequency, thus impacting male fertility (Fode et al., 2011).

Sperm Quality Decline: Stress has been proven to affect the quality of sperm, making it less likely that they will be able to fertilize an egg. This is because stress can lead to a decrease in sperm motility, or the ability of sperm to move, and a decrease in sperm morphology, or the shape of sperm. It impacts sperm motility by reducing blood flow to the testicles, which decreases the supply of nutrients and oxygen vital for healthy sperm function (Nargund, 2015).

Decreased Sperm Count: Chronic stress can also decrease sperm count, which is the number of sperm in an ejaculate. This means that there are fewer sperm available to fertilize an egg, which can further reduce the chances of conception. Stress reduces sperm count by disrupting hormone production crucial for sperm development and maturation (LH and FSH) and impacting the process of spermatogenesis, leading to fewer functional sperm.

High-stress levels can have lasting, detrimental effects on fertility prospects for you and your partner or donor. It can wreak emotional havoc in your relationships with others and bring about a world of internal turmoil. High-stress levels can also lead to numerous other health complications, including cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disorders, and respiratory issues, among other problems. Managing stress levels is vital for your overall health; that’s why I’m here to support you with the information and tools you need to make taking this pivotal step on your path a little easier.

I want to invite you to join our loving community today. By sharing and unpacking your anxieties and worries in a safe space among women who can relate to your experiences, you can start healing and shedding stress ( I dive deeper into this in the next section). We’re a family of unbelievable support and a world of fertility advice and resources for many Mamas just like you. I’d love you to be a part of the beautiful FPI Village we’ve grown in The Art & Science of Getting Pregnant Facebook Group.

Gain access to a hub of fertility support and resources and join The Art & Science of Getting Pregnant Facebook Group today.

Managing The Relationship Between Stress And Fertility

While facing fertility struggles can be an overwhelming and distressing experience, there are studied and proven strategies you, your partner, or your donor can employ to manage stress and improve your chances of successfully conceiving, having a full-term pregnancy, and having a healthy future baby. Let’s look at the most effective ways to manage stress and how implementing these practices can help you move your body out of the “fight or flight” state that stress brings. I’ve created a checklist of these practices to help simplify these points that you’ll find below.

Five Practices To Implement To Help Reduce Stress For Improved Fertility.

Seek Emotional Support: When facing fertility struggles, seeking emotional support can become a crucial lifeline, especially on those difficult days. You don’t have to face it alone. Though many women can talk to friends and family, it’s jarringly common to still feel isolated on this path. Sometimes those around you may not understand the depth of your thoughts and emotions. Fertility struggles can lead to depression and anxiety and vice versa. Managing these emotions and stress is vital for internal balance and peace.

Our Primemester Protocol is an all-inclusive fertility care guide that primes you for conception, pregnancy, and motherhood in more ways than expected. First and foremost, it nurtures your psychological state because of your mind and body’s significant connection to your fertility. It offers you a library of teachings, professional guidance, and scientifically proven tools and resources to help you improve your psychological well-being toward the benefit of your physical, reproductive, and overall health.

I want to remind you that you also have a hub of fertility information, a loving family, and a support group waiting to provide comfort and encouragement in The Art & Science of Getting Pregnant Facebook Group. We’re here to help you redefine your relationship with your fertility. By opening up and sharing your experiences in a safe space with those who can relate, you can positively impact your emotional well-being, reduce stress and anxiety, and improve your overall psychological well-being.

Practice Relaxation Techniques: Engaging in relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, gentle yoga, or mindfulness helps reduce stress levels and promotes overall well-being, creating a better environment for conception (Valiani et al., 2010). These practices calm the nervous system, alleviate anxiety, release tension, and foster inner peace.

Managing stress through these techniques positively impacts mental and physical health, increasing the chances of successful fertility. Incorporating them into daily routines can empower you to proactively cope with the ups and downs of the fertility journey. Sometimes figuring out exactly what your body needs becomes an endless rabbit hole of information.

With the guidance provided in the Primemester Protocol, you’ll be simplifying your search while building the kind of stress resilience your mind and body desperately need for your fertility. Your psychological well-being can either be the barrier or transportation to your healthiest fertility. Nurturing it is as vital as water is to life, Mama.

Maintain A Healthy Lifestyle: Always ask yourself, “Are the things I expose my body to what I want my baby to grow from?” Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is essential for fertility and stress management. Prioritize self-care through short bursts of regular exercise as opposed to long sessions that stress your body.  This will keep your body active without over-exerting it.

Maintaining a healthy weight for your body composition is essential for maintaining a healthy cholesterol level, as too much or too little cholesterol negatively impacts your fertility. A vibrant diet of bright-colored foods with high antioxidant levels found in colorful vegetables can help reverse the effects of oxidative stress.

Adopting these practices, along with the added aid of our Superbaby Nutraceuticals range, you’ll be nurturing an environment for healthy conception and positively impact your overall fertility health. Through the Primemester Protocol, you’ll learn exactly what to consume, what to reduce, and what to eliminate altogether. With these skills, you will be able to help your body function optimally and protect your reproductive function from oxidative stress caused by free radicals, inflammation, and other elements.

Communicate With Your Partner: For many women, getting their partner on board with their fertility goals is challenging. Sharing your feelings, fears, and hopes with your partner can help them understand your feelings and understand how important your fertility is to you. One thing we’ve often seen firsthand through the families whom the Primemester Protocol has helped is that the lack of understanding of the value and investment toward your fertility makes it hard for your partner to be fully supportive in the way you need.

Getting your partner to see things from your perspective (while acknowledging theirs) will help them know how to be supportive and understanding. You can navigate the challenges together as a team by being transparent about your emotions and concerns. Mutual support fosters a sense of togetherness and strengthens your bond as you face the difficulties of fertility struggles hand in hand. Embracing open communication enables you both to be each other’s pillars of strength, providing solace and reassurance throughout this emotional and trying time.

As you work together as a united front, you can share your worries, find comfort in one another, and embark on this journey with the support and love that can make all the difference in your path to parenthood.

Consider Fertility Treatment Options: In some cases, like if you have been diagnosed with infertility or have underlying conditions that make natural conception difficult, alternative treatment may be a solution. Luckily through the advancement in research, science, and technology, the world of fertility treatment options holds much promise for many women and families. Consulting with your expert FPI Team fertility can be fundamental to gaining accurate guidance on your fertility options.

The growth of research and science brings promise to many women and couples through assisted reproductive technologies (ART) or fertility medications and supplements tailored to address your specific fertility challenges. Your fertility specialist will be able to educate you on the various fertility treatment options available and guide you through the information you need to know to make the best decisions.

The professional support and guidance you’ll find behind the FPI’s doors will give you valuable information and reassurance throughout the process, empowering you with the knowledge you need to navigate your fertility journey confidently. Through the Primemester Protocol, you’ll be guided through the various modules that offer invaluable information on practices that aim to give you the best chances of having your beautiful baby, whether naturally or through assisted reproductive technologies. The Primemester Protocol is how you ensure you’ve given your body the absolute best care possible to become the optimal environment for your healthy superbaby and future.

Keeping track of all these practices may seem intimidating, but I’m here to help. I’ve drawn up a nifty and simple checklist for you to download and use as a quick reminder of what you can do to help manage high stress and its impact on your fertility. These are mostly inexpensive actionable steps you can implement right now to improve your reproductive and overall well-being.

Your Loving Fertility Support Group And Family

Infertility is a challenging journey that can take a toll on both physical and mental well-being. The link between stress and fertility underscores the importance of effectively managing stress during this time. By seeking emotional support, practicing relaxation techniques, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, communicating with your partner, and considering fertility treatment options when necessary, you can overcome fertility struggles and the depression they may bring and restore hope for a successful conception. Remember, you are not alone; resources are available to help you navigate this challenging journey toward parenthood.

One of the ways my Team and I ensure you get all the support you need and more is through our ultimate fertility information hub and community. The unbelievable encouragement and genuine care you’ll find in The Art & Science of Getting Pregnant Facebook Group is unmatched. It’s a space for you to gain expert and community advice and share your feelings, pressures, and dreams among amazing women who’ve walked a similar path. Start shedding the thoughts that stress you so they no longer have a hold on your mind. Start healing and embracing a new mindset toward your fertility.

Join The Art & Science of Getting Pregnant Facebook Group today and take this vital step in changing your fertility story.

Love & Superbaby Dust

Dr. Cleopatra

Dr. Cleopatra Kamperveen is a scientist, university professor, and fertility expert. She is the founder and executive director of The Fertility & Pregnancy Institute, an online fertility, infertility, and pregnancy resource and care facility that empowers women to improve fertility and achieve healthy pregnancies. With a Ph.D. in Social and Health Psychology, Dr. Cleopatra’s research focuses on factors impacting fertility, including stress, epigenetics, and nutrition.

The institute provides guided and self-guided programs, workshops, and professional coaching based on the latest scientific research, supporting women in making informed choices about their reproductive health. Dr. Cleopatra extends her dedication to helping women and couples fulfill their dreams of having a family through The Fertility Pregnancy Institute by providing essential tools and knowledge about reproductive health and the best care the fertility and pregnancy field has to offer.


  1. Q: Does stress really impact fertility health?

    A: Yes, stress can indeed affect fertility health. When stressed, the body releases hormones like cortisol, disrupting hormonal balance and reducing blood flow to reproductive organs, leading to decreased fertility.

  2. Q: What are effective stress management techniques for better fertility health? 

    A: Engaging in relaxation practices such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, and mindfulness can help reduce stress levels. Regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, and getting sufficient sleep are also crucial in managing stress for improved fertility health.

  3. Q: Can stress impact both men's and women's fertility?

    A: Yes, stress can affect both male and female fertility. In men, stress may lead to reduced sperm quality and motility. Stress can disrupt hormonal balance and menstrual cycles for women, potentially affecting ovulation and conception.

  4. Q: How can seeking emotional support contribute to managing stress for better fertility health?

    A: Seeking emotional support from friends, family or joining support groups can provide comfort and understanding during fertility struggles. Openly sharing feelings and concerns can alleviate stress and offer a sense of belonging, ultimately positively impacting fertility health.


Fode, M., Krogh-Jespersen, S., Brackett, N. L., Ohl, D. A., Lynne, C. M., & Sønksen, J. (2011). Male sexual dysfunction and infertility associated with neurological disorders. Asian Journal of Andrology, 14(1), 61–68.

Ilacqua, A., Izzo, G., Emerenziani, G. P., Baldari, C., & Aversa, A. (2018). Lifestyle and fertility: The influence of stress and quality of life on male fertility. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, 16(1).

Lenzi, A., Lombardo, F., Salacone, P., Gandini, L., & Jannini, E. A. (2003). Stress, sexual dysfunctions, and male infertility. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 26(3 Suppl), 72–76.

Nakamura, K., Sheps, S., & Clara Arck, P. (2008). Stress and reproductive failure: past notions, present insights and future directions. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 25(2-3), 47–62.

Nargund, V. H. (2015). Effects of psychological stress on male fertility. Nature Reviews Urology, 12(7), 373–382.

Rooney, K. L., & Domar, A. D. (2018). The relationship between stress and infertility. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 20(1), 41–47.

Valiani, M., Abediyan, S., Ahmadi, S. M., Pahlavanzadeh, S., & Hassanzadeh, A. (2010). The effect of relaxation techniques to ease the stress in infertile women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 15(4), 259–264.

Vigil, P., Meléndez, J., Soto, H., Petkovic, G., Bernal, Y. A., & Molina, S. (2022). Chronic Stress and Ovulatory Dysfunction: Implications in Times of COVID-19. Frontiers in Global Women’s Health, 3.

Zhou, F., Cai, Y., & Dong, Y. (2019). Stress increases the risk of pregnancy failure in couples undergoing IVF. Stress, 22(4), 414–420.

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